Mafia Island (“Chole Shamba”) is part of the Tanzanian Zanzibar Archipelago, together with Unguja, Pemba and Latham Island. As one of the six districts of the Pwani Region, Mafia Island is governed from the mainland, not from the semi-autonomous region of Zanzibar, of which it has never been considered to be a part. According to the 2002 Tanzania census the population of mafia district was 40801. The economic is based on fishing, subsistence agriculture and the market in kilindoni. The island attracts same tourist, mainly adventure scuba divers, game fisherman and people wanting relaxation.
SCUBA DIVING AND SNORKELING
Mafia Island and its reefs are renowned as an excellent, world-class diving destination. Scientists have confirmed that Mafia has some of the richest reefs in the world, with an unparalleled variety of hard and soft corals and diversity of tropical fish.We have identified fabulous dive sites of immense beauty and richness, bommies, channels, walls and caverns, drift and night dives