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Pemba Island is known as the grass island is an island forming part of the Zanzibar Archipelago, lying off the East coast of Africa in the Indian Ocean. It is situated about 50km to the north of Unguja. In 1960, Zanzibar was united by the former colony of Tanganyika to form Tanzania .It lies 50km east of mainland Tanzania, across the Pemba channel together with the Mafia island (south of Zanzibar) There are three island from the spice island (not to be confused with the Maluku island of Indonesia) In 1988, the population was estimated to 265,000 with an area of 980km Most of Island which is hillers and more fertile than Zanzibar, is dominated by small scale and large scale farming of cash crops such as cloves-there are over three million cloves trees. The most importance town in Pemba are Chake-Chake (the capital),Mkoani and Wete, the largest city. The centrally location Chake-chake is purchased on a mound with a view to west on a bay and tiny Msali island where the tides determine where a dhow can enter the local harbor. Pemba is with exception of a strip island along its east coast very fertile place beside clove trees. The locals grow mainly rice, coconut, banana, cassava and red beans called Maharagwe in Swahili. Pemba itâ€™s also well known for its dive site, with sleep drop â€“off, untouched coral very abundant marine life.
This trip is a short drive away offers a secluded beach share only by local fisher man. Here you can enjoy a snorkeling and picnic lunch.
According to the traditional, the Misali Island was named when the Islamic prophet Hadhara appeared in a vision and asked for prayer mat or Msala. With none available and Misali island painting to Mecca, he declared the tear-drop shaped island his prayer mat. At Misali is a whole island proved physical and spiritual sustenance for the tourist. It is under water paradise and the tropical region. In February 2001 the local Islamic community presented the island to the world as a secret gift for a living planet. Misali Island consist of 90 hectares of 15000 years old uplifted coral and now covered by think vegetative scrubs. The island is surrounded by a 9km of a coral reefs descending as deep as 64m. It is renowned in diving circles for its rich coral communities and diverse marine life. Misaliâ€™s spectacular scenery and unique diversity has meant it has come under threat by development and over-fishing. Scientist believes that up to 80% reefs have been destroyed by human activities leaving Misali a sparkling gem amid fading beauty. In 1998, Zanzibar declared the island a conservation zone and urged the fishing to stop using nets and dynamites.
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